Home > Blossary: World's Mythical Creatures
Well known mythical creatures in various cultures that have captured our imaginations. You are welcome to add your own.

Category: Animals

9 Terms

Created by: Jayleny

Number of Blossarys: 2

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In Greek mythology, a gorgon is an evil woman creature having her hair made of living and venomous snakes. Legend says that looking at the face of a gorgon will turn a person into stone. Derived from the Greek word for "dreadful", the term most commonly refers to any of three wicked sisters, Medusa, Stheno and Euryale, who were daughters of Phorcys and Ceto. Among the three sisters, Medusa was the best known and was the only mortal. She was ultimately killed by Perseus who cut off her head while he looked at her reflection in his shield. Besides having hair of living snakes, the gorgons were covered with impenetrable scales, with hands made of brass, sharp fangs and a beard. They lived in the ultimate west, near the ocean, and guarded the entrance to the underworld. Image and sculptures of gorgons are often used by the Greeks to ward off the dark forces of evil. Many of such works were found on temples and graves, as well as on the shields of soldiers. Gorgon heads or gorgoneions were also found on the older coins of Athens. Gorgons, especially Medusa, have become a common symbol in Western culture, appearing in art, literature, and elsewhere throughout history.

Domain: Religion; Category: Mythology

Dans la mythologie grecque, une Gorgone est une créature maléfique femme ayant sa chevelure faite de serpents vivants et venimeux. La légende dit qu'en regardant le visage d'une Gorgone va se transformer une personne en pierre. Dérivé du mot grec pour « épouvantable », le terme plus couramment fait référence à l'une des trois sœurs méchants, Medusa, Stheno et Euryale, qui étaient les filles de Phorcys et de céto. Parmi les trois sœurs, Medusa a été le plus connu et le seul mortel. Elle fut finalement tuée par Persée, qui a coupé sa tête alors qu'il regardait son reflet dans son bouclier. En plus d'avoir les cheveux de serpents vivants, les gorgones étaient recouverts d'écailles impénétrables, avec les mains en laiton, crocs pointus et une barbe. Ils vivaient dans l'extrême-Occident, près de l'océan et gardait l'entrée des enfers. Image et sculptures des gorgones sont souvent utilisés par les grecs pour conjurer les forces obscures du mal. Beaucoup de ces ouvrages ont été trouvés sur les temples et tombes, ainsi que sur les boucliers des soldats. Têtes de Gorgone ou gorgoneions se retrouvent également sur les anciennes monnaies d'Athènes. Gorgones, surtout Medusa, sont devenus un symbole commun dans la culture occidentale, qui apparaît dans l'art, la littérature et d'ailleurs tout au long de l'histoire.

Domain: Religion; Category: Mythology

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